Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra was born on 20th April, 1962 at village Kharibil, Dist. Cuttack, Odisha, India. He completed his B.Sc. (Agriculture) from OUAT, Bhubaneswar in 1985. He obtained his M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in Genetics from Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. Dr. Mohapatra is presently holding the position of Secretary, Department of Agricultural Research and Education & Director General, Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Prior to this, he worked as the Director of the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi and the National Rice Research Institute (Formerly CRRI), Cuttack, Odisha. He worked as a researcher and teacher for over 25 years at the National Research Centre on Plant Biotechnology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi, India. His area of specialization is molecular genetics and genomics.
Dr. Mohapatra has over 160 research papers in national and international journals of repute and several book chapters. His research accomplishments include development of the first high-yielding Basmati rice variety resistant to bacterial leaf blight through molecular marker assisted selection, and physical mapping and genome sequencing of rice and tomato. His contribution to science is reflected from high h-index and i10 index. He initiated mega research programmes in frontier areas including genomics, phenomics, bioprospecting of genes, allele mining and induced mutagenesis for functional genomics. He created a large pool of trained human resource in the area of molecular breeding that has enabled successful product development following this approach. Dr. Mohapatra contributed to development of 12 different varieties in rice and mustard including the long grain Basmati variety Pusa Basmati 1121 and the first high protein rice variety CR Dhan 310. He has the distinction of receiving several honours and awards in recognition of his excellent academic and research contributions including the INSA Young Scientist Award, Prof. LSS Kumar Memorial Award, NAAS-Tata Award, IARI-BP Pal Award, DBT Bio-science Award, NASI-Reliance Industries Platinum Jubilee Award, Shri Om Prakash Bhasin Award 2016, IMS Diamond Jubilee Memorial Award 2016, Dr. D. Sundaresan Memorial Oration Award 2017, NASI Lecture Award 2017 and Prof NG Ranga Memorial Award by the Andra Pradesh Science Congress 2017. He also received the Recognition Award of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences for the biennium 2013-14 for significant contributions in Plant Improvement and the Lifetime Achievement Awards of the Indian Genetics Congress and the Indian Society of Agricultural Biochemists.
Dr. Mohapatra is an esteemed Fellow of the Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, National Academy of Sciences-India, Allahabad and the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, New Delhi. He has been conferred doctoral degree (honoris causa) by Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology, Bhubaneswar, YS Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, Siksha `O’ Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha and Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Verterinary and Animal Sciences University, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh.